Guinea pig diet Guinea pig, expert advice
To Guinea pigs is better used to feed, it is necessary to observe proper hygiene and mode of feeding. To give food should be strictly at a certain time, set order of the day. Randomness in feeding disrupts the normal activity of the digestive glands, which has a detrimental effect on the digestibility of the feed eaten.
During feeding it is necessary to pay attention to the quality of food – good taste and color, whether there are any harmful impurities, etc.
New feed to enter into the diet gradually, starting with small amounts. Thus it is necessary to monitor the state of digestion in Guinea pigs (consistency of feces).
Overeating can cause severe indigestion. It is dangerous and lasting effects, obesity and related diseases. By the way, it is not necessary to feed the animal every time it starts to popiskivaet and stand on their hind legs. Maybe he is bored. Sometimes it helps to take the pig off his hands and let her run around the floor, or give her to play with some clean piece of paper.
Usually pigs suggest that you feed 2-3 times a day, and pregnant women – 3-4 times, at the same time, focusing on already given rules. The well-known saying “a supper give the enemy” does not apply to pigs, very active at night. Evening feeding should bytepointer (about 40% of the daily ration). Some specialists recommend to feed the animals frequently, little by little (5-6 times), giving such an amount of food which they eat immediately without a trace.
Grain, bran, root vegetables, hay, fresh grass, even the mushrooms and kitchen vegetable waste is eaten by Guinea pigs. But all feed must be sound and fresh. Stale grain, rotten roots, warmed by grass would inevitably cause gastrointestinal disease often with a fatal outcome.
The best food for Guinea pigs considered wheat bran, oats, carrots, beets dining room and good hay, and in summer the roots and replaces the hay new-mown grass. Bran should be slightly damp, cloth moistened with water or boiled milk.
One adult Guinea pig summer should give on average up to 0.5 kg of green feed (fresh grass), 50 g of oats or bran. In bran it is desirable to add salt and bone meal at the rate of 0.3 grams of salt and 0.2 g of bone meal. Pregnant and lactating pigs and calves up to 3-4 months is useful to give milk: adults – 20 g, youth – 10 g
On the advice of experts, the daily ration for an adult animal should be (in grams): milk – 15, hay – 60, grass – 300 – 500, roots – 90, bone meal and 0.2, the energy feed – 45, cabbage – 20, salt – 0,3, fish oil — 0.3, the ascorbic acid is 0.02 to 20 ml of water.
Green fodder can be replaced with root crops to 100 g per pig and hay up to 60 g When feeding Guinea pigs should be applied twice a day feeding, morning and evening. In the morning give a juicy and nutritious foods – carrots, beets chopped (chunks), oats or bran, etc.
In the evening, given hay and put fresh water, and females with suckling animals given water instead of milk. In summer, turnips and hay are replaced with fresh, good grass, which is given no less than three times a day. In the winter it is extremely helpful to animals germinated grain (wheat, oats) and other vitamin food in the form of carrots, vitamin hay, dried nettle, etc.
You should always remember that low-quality food, as well as the abrupt change of feed composition, can cause pigs indigestion. It is also important to take into account the fact that during the evolution of Guinea pigs have lost the ability to synthesis vitamin C, so they must get it from food. Otherwise, they may develop paralysis. There is no need to ban pigs eat their droppings. It is necessary for them to be healthy.
Standard diet for Guinea pigs of each individual and depends on age, health and physiological state.
So, Guinea pigs are usually fed twice a day. She is given a small handful of grain mixture and two handfuls of fresh dry hay. In the evening – two handfuls of a mixture of fresh vegetables and two handfuls of hay. But pregnant females need to feed it three or four times a day.
Below is an approximate daily ration for one adult Guinea pig (grams), depending on the season.
1. Feed your Guinea pigs every day at the same time.
2. Remove the uneaten food left from the previous day.
3. Wash your vegetables and fruits.
4. Give them only raw fresh vegetables.
5. It is better to give a mixture of different vegetables than a lot of something one.
6. Any new feed introduce gradually.
7. Make sure that your Guinea pigs have fresh dry hay and clean water. Add to feed pigs vitamin C.
It is not recommended to give the Guinea pigs lots of fruits. We can’t let them plants that grow along the highway, as they contain many harmful substances. Do not allow pigs to graze on the lawn treated with insecticides.
In the summer Guinea pig you need to give plenty of green feed. In addition to hay in the diet include dandelion with flower, yarrow, plantain and broad-leaved lanceolate, cow parsnip, starwort, alfalfa, red clover and meadow. Of course, the green fodder should be collected in hygienically impeccable and ecologically clean places.
If you do not possess a sufficient quantity of green fodder, particularly necessary for enrichment of feed With vitamin C, add different varieties of vegetables and fruits. A very valuable fodder is the carrot. It contains a lot of carotene, provitamin A. It is vitamin a essential for growth, skin and mucous membranes, vision, and many metabolic processes.
Unusually diet food – apples. They are rich in vitamins and contain no sugar. Pear is given in limited quantities.
Guinea pigs greedily eat the cucumbers, and the melons. As feed-concentrate better to give with oats or cereal and a proposed trade of finished feed. It should be borne in mind that concentrated feed is given only on 10;-20 g / kg body weight Guinea pig per day. Fresh water should be available to the animal around the clock, preferably from a drinking bottle, which is, of course, should be regularly and thoroughly washed.
Winter pigs are fed a variety of vegetables – cabbage, carrots, beets – both in cheese and in boiled form, as well as apples, fresh cucumbers (due to the scarcity of these products, the pig can be given to clean apples and cucumbers). In the summer the favorite dish pig – the leaves of dandelion, snyti, cereals. You can give grain oats and wheat, oatmeal cereal, crackers, bread. For teeth grinding pigs need solid food – stale, like a stone, bread, tree branches with bark.
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